Final – LightBulb Lamp

This was a very fun course. I think having this course as an elective is a disservice to the instructor, the students, and the course itself. This should be a complete studio, perhaps between Design studio 3 and Design studio A. The value of what is learned in this course should be used in other forms of architectural design. The run out-and-play format of the course works well w/ architectural students’ proclivity to explore.

Designing the final project I wanted something that I would use in my own home and of course utilitarian, also something I knew would not be too complicated to complete. So utilitarian + humor = lightbulb within a lightbulb lamp.

This one was quickly fabricated w/ the lasercutter and 2ply chipboard was used. I intend on using other materials and readjusting the design for other shapes soon.


Polygon Pajamas

The Caped Crusader.

Digital Fab: Bend, Fold, Mutilate

Here are some designs we fabricated in the course. Paper was a cost effective material. Learning the Rhino program, one soon realizes the endless possibilities of creating interesting designs; however, the tendency to over-complicate designs while utilizing this tool can render designs garbage. Remember Rhino is just another tool for design, I have found simplicity in design while using this tool the best way to learn, explore, and build confidence in the learning



Arrive at the hospital with a broken leg and have an artificial bone printed out by your bedside, which will help your real bone grow back faster. It’s way closer to happening than you might imagine.

It’s 2020 and you have severe gum disease. It’s bad enough to require surgery to replace lost bone. So your doctor pulls up a computer program, makes a few calculations, and prints out a fresh piece of bone (technically a bone-like powder) on a 3-D inkjet printer. The printed bone, which is used as a scaffolding to allow fresh cells to grow, is implanted in your mouth. Eventually, it harmlessly dissolves as new bone tissue emerges from your cells.

That 3-D printed bone procedure is closer to reality than you might think, and it won’t be limited to dental applications. One day, it could be used on spinal surgeries, too.

Researchers from Washington State University have already tested out the 3-D printing bone technology on rats and rabbits, with promising results. And in tests with fetal bone cells, new bone cells grew over the bone-like scaffold within a week, according to a just-released study.

If this happened today, a doctor might use a synthetic mesh-like material as a scaffolding to help grow new cells. Unlike the harmless printed bone, this material could have long-term implications—specifically, researchers suspect that it could impact digestive and chewing abilities.

The 3-D printer used in the tests wasn’t designed specifically for use with bone; in fact, the researchers bought it from a company that was making 3-D objects out of metal powder, explains Susmita Bose, a WSU professor and co-author of the study. Instead of metal, the WSU researchers use calcium phosphate (a bone-like material known for its biocompatibility), silica, and zinc oxide as a feedstock for the printer, which spits out a plastic liquid used as a binder over ultra-thin layers of powder to create a customized scaffold. The finished product is dried and then baked for two hours.

“A few years down the line, this [technology] could provide guided bone regeneration,” says Bose. The researcher is hesitant to provide a definitive timeline: “I am conservative when I talk about using synthetic materials in human applications because I do believe that it’s very difficult to mimic nature.” But she estimates that the technology could come to the market in two to four years.

As for hospitals equipped with 3-D printers? “It’s something I envision,” says Bose. Chances are, so do the people behind 3-D human organs and 3-D printed blood vessels.